Actualizado: 4 ene 2022
Soil is a non-renewable resource made up of physical, chemical and biological components; when these interact, they create a dynamic and complex ecosystem. Soil retains the water and the nutrients that plants need to grow. It also sequesters carbon from the atmosphere.
The global coverage of productive soil is limited, and traditional agriculture exploits soil faster than it can regenerate. Without healthy soil, plants can’t grow properly.
Unfortunately, soil around the world faces many problems. On the one hand, there is soil degradation, which is when it doesn’t store water, organic matter, or nutrients, nor does it support the biodiversity of microorganisms that it should. There is also the serious problem of erosion, which is the displacement of the top layer of soil.